Friday, 29 March 2013

Bangladesh Anti-Hindu Violence 2013

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2013_Bangladesh_Anti-Hindu_violence

On 28 February 2013, the International Crimes Tribunal sentenced Delwar Hossain Sayeedi, the Vice President of the Jamaat-e-Islami to death for the war crimes committed during the 1971 Bangladesh Liberation War. Following the sentence, activists of Jamaat-e-Islami and its student wing Islami Chhatra Shibir attacked the Hindus in different parts of the country. Hindu properties were looted, Hindu houses were burnt into ashes and Hindu temples were desecrated and set on fire.[2][3] While the government has held the Jamaat-e-Islami responsible for the attacks on the minorities, the Jamaat-e-Islami leadership has denied any involvement. The minority leaders have protested the attacks and appealed for justice. The Supreme Court of Bangladesh has directed the law enforcement to start suo moto investigation into the attacks. US Ambassador to Bangladesh express concern about attack of Jamaat on Bengali Hindu community.

 

Contents

 

Background

On 4 October 2011, the International Crimes Tribunal of Bangladesh indicted Delwar Hossain Sayeedi, a Bangladeshi Islamist politician and the Vice President of Jamaat-e-Islami(famous for hatred for non-Muslims) on 20 counts of crimes against humanity.[6][7][8] He was accused of murder, loot, arson, rape and forcible conversion of Hindus to Islam during the Bangladesh Liberation War. On 28 February 2013, Sayeedi was convicted of 16 charges including loot, arson, murder and genocide. He was sentenced to death for two of the charges.[9]
Earlier in 2013, the International Crimes Tribunal had convicted Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, an Islamic televangelist and leader of Jamaat-e-Islami and sentenced him to death. After that the Tribunal had sentenced Kader Mollah to life imprisonment.[10] The people of Bangladesh rose in protest against the verdict and demanded death sentence of Kader Mollah.[11] They have staged protests in Shahbag square in Dhaka while the Jamaat-e-Islami activists have termed the verdicts politically motivated and called for general strikes and resorted to widespread violence.

Attacks


Map shows the districts (in red) where Bangladeshi Hindu community attacked by Bangladesh Jamaat-e-Islami.


After the verdict, the Jamaat-e-Islami took to the streets in protest against the verdict. They attacked the establishment including the police, fire brigade, disrupted the traffic and set vehicles on fire. They attacked specially the Hindu minorities, destroyed their houses and businesses, vandalized their temples and set them on fire. According to community leaders, more than 50 Hindu temples and 1,500 Hindu homes were destroyed in 20 districts.

Chittagong Division

In Noakhali District several Hindu homes and temples came under the attack of the Islamists. On the morning of 28 February, the activists of Jamaat-e-Islami and Islami Chhatra Shibir began to gather near Rajganj Bazar in Begumganj Upazila.[18] [19] At around 2 p.m., immediately after the verdict, the activists armed with sticks, started a procession in protest against the verdict. The procession vandalized the Kali temple at Rajganj Bazar and the temple near Bainnabari. Then they attacked the Hindus in nearby Tongipar and Aladinagar villages. They vandalized eight Hindu households and looted all the valuables including money and jewellery.[18] The temple of Bhuiyan house in Tongipar village was vandalized. Six people were injured in the attacks.[20] The violence continued in phases till the evening. Around 6-30 p.m. Rapid Action Battalion was deployed to bring the situation under control.[18] On 23 March, Islamic extremists vandalized and looted a temple at Companiganj Upazila On 26 March, miscreants set fire in a Hindu house at Zirtali union belonging to Begamganj Upazila.[21]



Destroyed Hindu temple in Banshkhali Upazila. Courtesy: Samaresh Baidya

In Lakshmipur District, five Hindu-owned jewellery shops were looted and one Hindu temple attacked and looted in Chandraganj.[22] After the midnight of 28 February, one Hindu temple has been on fire in Gaiyarchar in Raipur Upazila.[22][23] The police prevented the rioters from setting fire to another temple.[23] Two Hindu monasteries were set on fire.[22] On 1 March, the miscreants set fire to a Hindu house in Char Sita area of Ramgati Upazila.[24]

On 28 February, in the afternoon Jamaat-e-Islami and Islami Chhatra Shibir activists attacked the Hindus in Chittagong District.[25] In Banshkhali Upazila, the attackers set fire to Hindus houses in Dakshin Jaldi area of Jaldi Union. 20 houses were gutted. 16 Hindus were injured in the arson, two of the died.[18] A 65 year old Hindu was killed in the attacks.[26] On early morning of 5 March at around 2-30 a.m., the Sarbajaneen Magadeshwari Mandir at East Rupkania of Satkania Upazila was torched.[27][28] At around 3:30am the Khetrapal Temple was burned to ashes and money from donation box was looted.[29]
 
In Cox's Bazar, the Jamaat activists destroyed three Hindu temples. In Kutubdia Upazila, thousands of Jamaat-e-Islami and Islami Chhatra Shibir activists gathered before the Upazila Parishad office around 9 p.m.[30] Around 10 p.m. they set fire to Hindu temples, after vandalizing government offices and an Awami League party office.[30]
In Comilla District, image of a Hindu deity was vandalized in Brahmanpara Upazila.[18] On 1 March at around 11 p.m., eleven shops including four owned by the Hindus were set on fire in Kheora Bazar in Kasba Upazila of Brahmanbaria District.[24] On the early morning of 6 March, some time after 2-30 a.m., unidentified miscreants set fire to Sarbajanin Kali Mandir after vandalizing five idols at Chapatali village under Mohammadpur East Union in Daudkandi Upazila of the district.[31][32]
In Rangamati District, Bangladesh Nationalist Party and Jamaat-e-Islami Bangladesh activists set fire in a temple at Bagahichari Upazilla on 28 March.[33]

Khulna Division

On the night of 28 February, miscreants vandalized a Hindu temple in Pingjour village under Chingrikhali Union in Morrelganj Upazila of Bagerhat District. The Dumuria Sharbajaneen temple under Ramachandrapur Union too was set on fire. Two Hindu houses, one belonging to a local Awami League leader, were set on fire in Banogram Union.[34] In Satkhira, Jamaat and Shibir activists attacked Hindu houses and business establishments. In Kadamtala, City College More and Abader Hat areas of Satkhira municipality more than hundred Hindu residences and business establishments were looted and destroyed. The District Magistrate of Satkhira District promulgated Section 144 in Satkhira and certain areas of Assasuni Upazila. On 5 March, Jamaat-Shibir and BNP acitivists set eight Hindu houses on fire in Khulna.[27] On 12 March around midnight, miscreants vandalised 23 idols of Shiva at a temple at the Angita cremation ground in Kaliganj Upazila of Jhenaidah District.[35][36]

On 18 March, more than 150 armed assailants attacked and valdalised the Pabla Sarbajanin Kalibari Temple in Khulna city’s Banikpara around 9:30pm. After blasting incendiaries, they ransacked the houses and shops of Hindus in the area.[37]

Rangpur Division

On 28 February, activists of Jamaat-e-Islami and its student wing Islami Chhatra Shibir attacked a Hindu temple and destroyed Hindu-owned business establishments in in Gaibandha District.[38] In the evening, they vandalized some houses in the Shobhaganj Union. The Hindu community leaders complained that the attackers had vandalized the central Kali temple in Mithapukur Upazila in Rangpur District.[38]

Shortly after the midnight of 2 March, around 30-40 miscreants shouting abuses and threatening the Hindus, attacked their homes in Uttar Maheshpur village in Raniganj area of Dinajpur Sadar Upazila of Dinajpur District. They set fire to the homes and haystacks of 12 Hindu peasant families, as they barely managed to escape with their lives. Around 1 a.m. two fire brigade units from Dinajpur arrived and doused the fire. By the time the homes were completely reduced to ashes.[39]
On 5 March,the Sree Sree Shoshan Kali Mandir at Rotherpar village in Aditmari upazila of Lalmonirhat District was vandalized.[28] On 7 March, fanatics set fire to an Hindu temple after destroying goddess Kali idol at Hatibandha upazila of Lalmonirhat. Sree Sree Kali Mandir at Bejgram village was also burnt down at night.[40]
On 8 March, a Radha Gobinda temple is burnt down in Rangpur city.[41][42]

Barisal Division

In Barisal District, a Hindu temple was set on fire in Nalchira Union of Gaurnadi Upazila. The Pinglakathi Sarbajaneen Durga Mandir was vandalized.[34] On 5 March, miscreants tried to set fire to the Guthia Sarbajaneen Kali Mandir under Guthia union in Wazirpur Upazila.[27] On the early hours of 6 March, a Kali temple was vandalized in Pakshia Union under Burhanuddin Upazila in Bhola District.[43] The images of Kali and Mahadev were destroyed.[43] [44] In the evening at around 7:30 p.m., a Radha Krishna temple was set on fire in Batajor Village under Bamna Upazila in Barguna District.[45] On 12 March at around 2:45 a.m., two Hindu houses on New Vatikhana Road in Barisal were set ablaze by unknown criminals. Locals doused the flames before spreading.[36][46] In the early hours, burglars broke open a Radha Govinda temple in Kuripaika village of Patuakhali Sadar Upazila in Patuakhali District and stole the Madanmohan idol and 2.5 bharis of gold.[47]

Rajshahi Division

On March 7, an idol of the Hindu Goddess Kali was destroyed and a Hindu temple was set on fire at Hatibandha Upazila of Lalmonirhat. [48] Early in the morning on 3 March at around 3 a.m., unidentified miscreants set fire to the Sarbajanin Puja Sangha Mandir in the Natun Alidanga Bara Pekurtala locality of Shibganj municipality under Shibganj Upazila in Chapainawabganj District. A portion of the temple was gutted in the fire. After the incident, the local Hindus were living in fear.[49] On the night of 12 March, miscreants broke in to a Hari temple in Pakuria village under Singra Upazila of Natore District and destroyed the idol.[50] On 19 March, Islamic fanatics desecrated idols in four Hindu temples of Gabtali Upazila in Bogra District.[51]

Dhaka Division

On 3 March, in Lohajang Upazila of Munshiganj District a Kali Temple was set on fire by fanatics.[52] On the same day, in Kotalipara Upazila of Gopalganj District, a Hindu temple is burnt down.[53] Six people including a Jamaat leader were arrested on charges of torching this temple.[46] Early in the morning on 6 March, Ananda Ashram Mandir of Fulbaria village under the Ballabhdi Union in Faridpur District was set on fire.[54] On 8 March, Islamist extremists vandalized a Kali Temple at Sashangaon village under Sirajdikhan Upazila in Munshiganj District.[41][55] On 11 March, a temple at Fulbaria Upazila in Mymensingh District was vandalized.[56] Six idols were destroyed at Kafilabari Durga temple in Kotalipara Upazila of Gopalganj at the same night.[36][46] On the night of 15 March, unidentified miscreants vandalized the image of Saraswati in a 77 year old Hindu temple in Madhabpur area of Sherpur municipality in Sherpur District.[57]
On 18 March, seven idols in Harimandir in Netrokona Sadar upazila’s Bobahala have been desecrated by smashing them to pieces.[37] On the same day in Gazipur District, the attackers damaged six idols in a Hindu temple at Dakhkhin Marta of Sreepur.[58] On 22 March, unidentified miscreants set fire to a Lakshmi temple at Gazipur Sadar Upazila in Gazipur District.[59][60]

Sylhet Division

On 12 March,miscreants set fire around a temple at Juri Upazila in Maulvi Bazar District. But the people living around the temple quickly took the fire under control.[47]

Reactions

Domestic


Rally against Anti-Hindu Attacked by Bangladesh Jamaat-e-Islami

The leaders of the Bangladesh Hindu Buddhist Christian Unity Council and the Bangladesh Puja Udjapan Parishad held a human chain at the National Press Club in Dhaka and Chittagong on 2 March in protest of the atrocities on minorities in Bangladesh.[61] At the meeting, the Hindu leaders expressed deep concerns in the recent developments and stated that the Jamaat-e-Islami had once again engaged in extermination of the minorities from Bangladesh as it did in 1971.[62] On 3 March, the Bangladesh High Court directed the Government to ensure security of the Hindus in Noakhali District and repair the temples and houses of the Hindus destroyed in the attacks. It also issued suo moto notice to the Noakhali District police, the district administration and the Inspector General of Police to take action against the persons involved in the attacks.[63][64]
Khaleda Zia,the chairperson of opposition party BNP, also expressed her concern about communal attack on Hindus.[65]
On 6 March, Hindus across the country protested against the violence.[66][67]

Foreign

In India, activists of Gairik Bharat burned an effigy of Sheikh Hasina in Silchar, in protest against her failure to protect the Hindu minorities in Bangladesh.[68] The Bharatiya Janata Party,West Bengal unit demands the central government to create pressure on Bangladesh government to protect the Hindus from Islamic extremism.[69] In Rajya Sabha, the upper house of Indian parliament, main opposition Bharatiya Janata Party demanded that an all-party delegation be sent to Bangladesh to assess the “atrocities on Hindus” by Jamaat-e-Islami.[70] Hindu Samhati members organised a Protest Rally at Bangaon,in the state of West Bengal,India.[71] On the other hand, Muslim radicals of West Bengal stand for Delwar Hossain Sayeedi and Jamaat-e-Islami with conviction.[72] Expressing serious concern on the continued attacks on the Hindus in Bangladesh the South Assam Bengali Hindu Association demanded the intervention of the Indian President Pranab Mukherjee in stopping the atrocities on Hindus in Bangladesh.[73]

The British High Commissioner in Dhaka, Mr. Robert Gibson expressed his deep concern and resentment upon the attack upon the religious places and the recent attacks in a press conference on Sunday 3 March held in Dhaka.[74][75]

On 4 March, the United States Department of State expressed concerns over the attacks on Hindu temples and homes in Bangladesh.[76] Dan Mozena US Ambassador to Bangladesh express concern about attack of Jamaat on Bengali Hindu community.[4][5]

The Amnesty International has called upon the Bangladesh government for giving better protection to the minority Hindus in the country. In a March 6 report, titled ‘Bangladesh: Wave of Violent Attacks Against Hindu Minority’, the Amnesty said as many as 40 Hindu temples were vandalized in attacks by supporters of an Islamic party. Several hundred were rendered homeless as shops and houses belonging to the Hindu community were burnt down over the past week, it said. The report gave Bangladesh's war crimes trial as the context to the violence against the Hindus.[77][78]

At the House of Lords in the British Parliament, Baroness Sayeeda Warsi condemned the attacks on minorities and their places of worship in Bangladesh. She stated that 24 places of worship, 112 homes and about a dozen business establishment belonging to the minority Hindus came under attack. According to Lord Avebury, the recent attacks are recurrence of the 2001 attack on the Hindus.[79]

Although, there was local reporting of the anti-hindu atrocities, there was little to no exposure from international media, but images from the attacks continued to be spread on social media. [80]

List of temples attacked
DateTemplePlaceUpazilaDistrictDivision
28 February 2013Kali templeRajganjBegumganj UpazilaNoakhali DistrictChittagong Division
28 February 2013Hindu templeBainnabariBegumganj UpazilaNoakhali DistrictChittagong Division
28 February 2013Hindu templePingjourMorrelganj UpazilaBagerhat DistrictKhulna Division
1 March 2013Hindu templeGaiyarcharRaipur UpazilaLakshmipur DistrictChittagong Division
2 March 2013Pinglakathi Sarbajanin Durga Mandir[34]NalchiraGaurnadi UpazilaBarisal DistrictBarisal Division
2 March 2013Hindu templeRamchandrapurMorrelganj UpazilaBagerhat DistrictKhulna Division
3 March 2013Kali templeGoalimandraLohajang UpazilaMunshiganj DistrictDhaka Division
3 March 2013Sarbajaneen Puja Sangha Mandir[49]AlidangaShibganj UpazilaNawabganj DistrictRajshahi Division
4 March 2013Kali templeLakirparKotalipara UpazilaGopalganj DistrictDhaka Division
4 March 2013Kali templeRatherparAditmari UpazilaLalmonirhat DistrictRangpur Division
5 March 2013Khetrapal templeNathparaSatkania UpazilaChittagong DistrictChittagong Division
5 March 2013Guthia Sarbajanin Kali Mandir[27]GuthiaWazirpur UpazilaBarisal DistrictBarisal Division
5 March 2013Hari Mandir[50]PakuriaSingra UpazilaNatore DistrictRajshahi Division
6 March 2013Hindu templeChapataliDaudkandi UpazilaComilla DistrictChittagong Division
6 March 2013Hindu templeBangla-DashparaNetrokona Sadar UpazilaNetrokona DistrictDhaka Division
6 March 2013Radha Krishna Mandir[45]BatajorBamna UpazilaBarguna DistrictBarisal Division
6 March 2013Kali Mandir[44]PakshiaBurhanuddin UpazilaBhola DistrictBarisal Division
7 March 2013Kali templeShashangaonSirajdikhan UpazilaMunshiganj DistrictDhaka Division
8 March 2013Radha Govinda templeAmashu Kukrul PurbaparaRangpur Sadar UpazilaRangpur DistrictRangpur Division
10 March 2013Kali templeAchhim BazarFulbaria UpazilaMymensingh DistrictDhaka Division
11 March 2013Shiva templeKhalkulaKaliganj UpazilaJhenaidah DistrictKhulna Division
11 March 2013Durga templeKafilabariaKotalipara UpazilaGopalganj DistrictDhaka Division
11 March 2013Radha Govinda Mandir[47]AmtailJuri UpazilaMaulvi Bazar DistrictSylhet Division
12 March 2013Radha Govinda Mandir[47]KuripaikaPatuakhali Sadar UpazilaPatuakhali DistrictBarisal Division
15 March 2013Madhabpur Puja Mandir[57]MadhabpurSherpur Sadar UpazilaSherpur DistrictDhaka Division
18 March 2013Hari Mandir[37]BobahalaNetrokona Sadar UpazilaNetrokona DistrictDhaka Division
18 March 2013Kali Mandir[58]Dakshin MartaSreepur UpazilaGazipur DistrictDhaka Division
19 March 2013Hindu temple[51]SabekparaGabtali UpazilaBogra DistrictRajshahi Division
19 March 2013Hindu temple[51]KarmakarparaGabtali UpazilaBogra DistrictRajshahi Division
19 March 2013Hindu temple[51]BamuniaGabtali UpazilaBogra DistrictRajshahi Division
19 March 2013Hindu temple[51]KamarchattGabtali UpazilaBogra DistrictRajshahi Division
22 March
2013
Shri Shri Lakshmi Mata Mandir[59][60]Keshurita MadhyaparaGazipur Sadar UpazilaGazipur District

 
Dhaka
Division





 

No comments:

Post a Comment